Mongolia is a landlocked country. It’s between China and Russia. It is a vast emptiness that links land and sky. And it’s one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition. Mongolia has the lowest population density in the world. For 3 000 years, the people of the steppes have adopted a pastoral way of life moving in the search of best pastures and campsites. Mongolians raise their five domestic animals (sheep, horse, cow, camel, and goat). The raise them in the broad region of forest, steppe and Gobi desert. Especially they respect their horses. Mongolians see their horses are their best friends. Mongolian nomadic people move into place to place 2-4 times a year as well as it is depending on livestock’s pasture.
The Weather in Mongolia
The climate in Mongolia is unstable, so it has a long cold and dry winter and short summer.
Spring: Spring months in Mongolia are March, April and May. There are many windy days through spring and weather so the weather can change. You might meet all 4 seasons on the same day, like nice sunny warm in the morning and then suddenly it turns to windy and then it might snow or rain. You’d never predict the weather during spring in Mongolia. The average temperature in March will be 0 +10 degrees Celsius, in April +5 +15 degrees Celsius, in May +10 degrees Celsius in the Southern and eastern part of the country (Gobi and steppe), and it’ll be slightly cooler in the Central and Northern of Mongolia. Sometimes the temperature will drop down below zero during the night in central or Northern Mongolia.
Summer: Summer months in Mongolia are June, July and August. Summer in Mongolia is pretty comfortable to travel around due to sunny warm weather with blue sky, green steppe covered with livestock. The average temperature is +20+ 30 degrees Celsius. Sometimes it gets hotter, it might get up to +35 to 40 degrees Celsius specially, in the Gobi region. But there is always breeze, usually at night. There are short rains in summer. In the evening, it’ll usually be chilly in the central and northern regions of Mongolia even though it’s summer. During your trek you might cross paths with a thunderstorm specially after days of very hot weather.
Fall: Fall months are September, October and November. September is really colorful and it’s a great month to travel around because it won’t be too hot and not so cold either. Average temperature will be around +10+20 degrees Celsius during the day and +5+15 degrees Celsius during the night. In October, snowy weather starts and temperatures will drop below zero degrees. But you’ll meet many sunny days specially in the Gobi Desert. In October, average temperature will be -5+5 degrees Celsius during the day and from -10 to 0 degrees Celsius during the night.
Winter: Winter months are December, January and February. These months are the coldest period in Mongolia and the average temperature will be -30-25 degrees Celsius during the day and it gets down to -45 degrees Celsius during the night. It usually snows a lot in the winter.
The weather in Mongolia is very variable, so you need to be prepared, even you travel in summer. So, we’ve made a checklist for your trip to Mongolia. If you forgot something, there is isn’t much chance once you’re in the countryside, so you need to buy them in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.
Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex
Few tourists come to Mongolia without visiting its most iconic landmark, a 40m-high glistening silver Chinggis Khaan statue. Constructed in 2008 from stainless steel, the dramatic statue, built with private funds, has a lift (elevator) rising up its tail, from where there are steps to the horse’s head. It was built here, so the legend goes, because this was the spot where Chinggis Khaan found a golden whip. The complex includes an impressive museum (with Hunnu artefacts and items from the Mongol empire), a cafe and a souvenir shop. A short film describes how the monument was built. For an extra T3000 you can don Chinggis Khaan armour for a photo shoot in front of an enormous Mongolian boot, which stands at 9m high. There’s ger accommodation, too, if for some reason you want to stay the night. It’s located just off the main road between Nalaikh and Erdene, at a place called Tsonjin Boldog. A round trip in a taxi from Ulaanbaatar will set you back about T120,000. Located just up the road is the statue of Chinggis Khan’s mother, Hoelun, who gazes back towards her son.
Source of text: www.lonelyplanet.com