CLIMATE OF MONGOLIA
Mongolia has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short
summers. There are 257 cloudless sunny days a year and is known to the world as
a country of “The land of Blue Sky”.
Spring: Early spring, especially in May, is known for its windy days. The
average temperatures in May-June in the South of the country (Gobi) are +15+20C
during the day and +10+15 during the night. In the north half of the country the
temperatures range from +10+15 during the day and +5+10 during the night. From
the ancient time spring is auspicious season to welcome newborn young animals in
nomadic life. Stresses out when hear the baa of young animals, smell fresh
country air, feel warm sunny blue sky and little chilled cheek in herder`s
Summer: Mongolian summer attracts a lot of guests. Warm weather, blue
sky, green steppe cowered by livestocks, galloping horses in wild nature,
glorious sunshine, smell of milk products are figure of summer. Also in July,
Mongolian people celebrate a big traditional holiday, Naadam Festival which is
famous by “Three games of men”. Summer from mid-May to mid-September is usually
warm with average temperature of + 24 to + 30. There are short rains in July and
early August. On some days temperature may go above + 30 which can be felt hard,
especially in South Gobi region. In summer time weather can change from bright
sun to thunderstorm and back again several times in a day.
Fall: Golden fall is calm season when temperature is not so high around +15
to +20 Celsius. From the late of August nomadic people begin preparing for
winter or hoarding food, mow for their animals. If you are visiting to Mongolia
in August, may you can see “Golden Eagle Festival” in western part.
Winter: Though winter last from November to March, - 30 Celsius real cold
lasts only one month, from mid-December to January. The rest of winter
temperature fluctuates around -10 -24 Celsius. In Mongolian tradition, people
count the winter time by nine “nines” or 81 days. Each “nines” has special
features which connects Mongolian nomadic culture. Our staffs would be pleasant
to introduce about that. Late of winter, Mongolian people celebrate “Tsagaan sar”
or “White moon” holiday which is important part of Mongolian nomadic culture.
Also it`s hard to imagine Mongolian winter without “Ice Festival” of Khovsgol
Lake, the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia.
Generally, visitors to Mongolia should be aware of, is the drastic drop of
temperature from day to night. It is strongly advisable to carry a sweater or
even light jacket towards the evening. It can become especially chilly at night
in South Gobi.
Winds are a regular feature of Mongolia, with rarely a day without a slow breeze
of 4-9 meters per second. In summer cool winds come mostly from north- west and
west bringing in some relief from summer heat. However, sudden collision of warm
and cool air masses results in sudden heavy rains. We make a point of having
raingear ready at all times.
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